Reward-Conditioned Policies

arXiv Preprint 2019

Aviral Kumar    Xue Bin Peng    Sergey Levine

University of California, Berkeley


Reinforcement learning offers the promise of automating the acquisition of complex behavioral skills. However, compared to commonly used and well-understood supervised learning methods, reinforcement learning algorithms can be brittle, difficult to use and tune, and sensitive to seemingly innocuous implementation decisions. In contrast, imitation learning utilizes standard and well-understood supervised learning methods, but requires near-optimal expert data. Can we learn effective policies via supervised learning without demonstrations? The main idea that we explore in this work is that non-expert trajectories collected from sub-optimal policies can be viewed as optimal supervision, not for maximizing the reward, but for matching the reward of the given trajectory. By then conditioning the policy on the numerical value of the reward, we can obtain a policy that generalizes to larger returns. We show how such an approach can be derived as a principled method for policy search, discuss several variants, and compare the method experimentally to a variety of current reinforcement learning methods on standard benchmarks.

Paper: [PDF]       Preprint: [arXiv]


	title={Reward-Conditioned Policies},
	author={Kumar, Aviral and Peng, Xue Bin and Levine, Sergey},
	journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1912.13465},